More frequent heat waves in Europe - Economic Policy

More frequent heat waves in Europe – Economic Policy

The temperature records expected Monday in France and the United Kingdom illustrate the multiplication of heat waves in Europe, a direct consequence of global warming.

Greenhouse gas emissions increase the strength, duration and rate of repetition of heat waves, scientists say.

Reminder of the major heat waves that have affected Europe since the beginning of the 21st century:

Summer 2022: two heat waves in less than a month

In mid-June, an extreme and early heat wave hit southern and central Europe, causing numerous fires. Spikes of 42°/43° in temperatures recorded under shelter were recorded in France and records for the month of June were broken in Austria and Germany.

The current heat wave, which is affecting Western Europe, is also causing devastating forest fires and threatening to break several temperature records.

In France, Greece, Portugal and Spain, fires forced thousands of residents and tourists to flee their homes, and killed several members of the emergency services.

In Gironde (south-west of France) 14,000 ha of vegetation go up in smoke in seven days, and peaks around 44°C are expected on Monday.

In the UK, highs above 40° are also expected on Monday or Tuesday.

Summer 2021: Greece and Spain

From the end of July to the beginning of August 2021, Greece is going through an intense heat wave, described as the “worst heat wave since 1987” by the government, with maximum temperatures around 45°C.

Major fires affect the Mediterranean rim: in Greece, Turkey, Italy and Spain.

Between August 11 and 16, Spain experienced temperatures exceeding 45°C in the regions of Andalusia and Murcia (south), reaching up to 47°C.

Two waves in 2019, record temperatures

Summer 2019 was marked by two heat waves in Europe, at the end of June and in the second half of July.

These two episodes would have caused the death of 2,500 people, according to an estimate by the University of Louvain (Belgium).

A historic heat peak was reached in France on June 28 in Vérargues (Hérault, south) with 46°C.

On July 24 and 25, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom recorded record temperatures: 42.6°C in Lingen (north-west Germany), 41.8°C in Begijnendijk (north of Belgium), 40.4°C in the south of the Netherlands and 38.7°C in Cambridge (east of England).

2018: heat, drought and fires

The second half of July and the beginning of August 2018 are marked in Europe by very high temperatures and by an intense drought which lowers the level of rivers, such as the Danube in central Europe.

The period was especially marked by destructive forest fires in Portugal and Spain.

2017: fires and extreme temperatures

Several heat waves affect Europe, from the end of June until the first half of August, particularly in the south of the continent. A persistent drought causes major forest fires, sometimes deadly, in Portugal.

Spain records high temperatures between July 12 and 14, in particular a peak of 46.9°C in Cordoba (south) on July 13, according to data from Aemet.

2015: early heat wave

Europe was hit early by a series of heat waves, starting at the end of June. England recorded a peak of 36.7°C in early July.

In France, four heat waves during the summer of 2015 caused an estimated total of 1,700 deaths, according to a study by the Public Health France health agency published in April 2019.

2007: Central and Southern Europe

A long hot and dry period falls from the end of June until the end of July on the countries of central Europe and the south of the continent.

Hungary deplores more than 500 dead, while Italy, Macedonia and Serbia are affected by numerous forest fires.

2003: thousands of deaths

Western Europe, particularly France, Italy, Spain and Portugal, experiences exceptional temperatures in the first half of August.

On August 1, 2003, Portugal recorded a record temperature of 47.3°C in Amareleja (south).

In France, emergency services see an influx of elderly people in distress.

Scientific studies subsequently estimate the additional deaths in 16 European countries during the summer of 2003 at 70,000 due to the heat, France and Italy in the lead, with between 15,000 and 20,000 deaths in the two countries.

Greenhouse gas emissions increase the power, duration and rate of repetition of heat waves, according to scientists. Reminder of the major heat waves that have affected Europe since the beginning of the 21st century: Mid-June, a extreme and early heat wave hits southern and central Europe, causing numerous fires. Spikes of 42°/43° in temperatures recorded under shelter were recorded in France and records for the month of June were broken in Austria and Germany. The current heat wave, which is affecting Western Europe, is also causing devastating wildfires and threatening to break several temperature records. In France, Greece, Portugal and Spain, the fires are forcing thousands of inhabitants and tourists to flee their residences, and kill several members of the emergency services. In Gironde (south-west of France) 14,000 ha of vegetation go up in smoke in seven days, and peaks around 44°C are expected on Monday. In the UK, peaks above 40° are also expected on Monday or Tuesday. government, with maximum temperatures around 45°C. Major fires affect the Mediterranean rim: in Greece, Turkey, Italy and Spain. Between August 11 and 16, Spain experiences temperatures exceeding 45°C in the regions of Andalusia and Murcia (south), going up to 47°C. The summer of 2019 was marked by two heat waves in Europe, at the end of June and in the second half of July. These two episodes would have caused the death of 2,500 people, according to an estimate by the University of Louvain (Belgium). A historic heat peak was reached in France on June 28 in Vérargues (Hérault, south) with 46°C. The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom report record temperatures: 42.6°C in Lingen (north-west Germany agne), 41.8°C in Begijnendijk (north of Belgium), 40.4°C in the south of the Netherlands and 38.7°C in Cambridge (east of England). The second half of July and the beginning of August 2018 are marked in Europe by very high temperatures and by an intense drought which lowers the level of rivers, such as the Danube in central Europe. destructive forests in Portugal and Spain. Several heat waves affect Europe, from the end of June until the first half of August, particularly in the south of the continent. A persistent drought causes major forest fires, sometimes deadly, in Portugal. Spain records high temperatures between July 12 and 14, in particular a peak of 46.9 ° C in Cordoba (south) on July 13 , according to data from Aemet. Europe is hit early by a series of heat waves, starting in late June. England recorded a peak of 36.7°C in early July. In France, four heat waves during the summer of 2015 caused an estimated total of 1,700 deaths, according to a study by the Public Health France health agency published in April 2019. A long hot and dry period fell from the end of June until at the end of July on the countries of central Europe and the south of the continent. Hungary deplores more than 500 dead, while Italy, Macedonia and Serbia are affected by numerous forest fires. Eastern Europe he West, particularly France, Italy, Spain and Portugal, experienced exceptional temperatures in the first half of August. On August 1, 2003, Portugal recorded a record temperature of 47.3°C Amareleja (south). In France, the emergency services are seeing an influx of elderly people in distress. Scientific work subsequently assesses the additional deaths in 16 European countries during the summer of 2003 at 70,000 due to the heat, France and Italy in the lead, with between 15,000 and 20,000 dead in s both countries.

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